get, used to, manage to, about to, very
“Get” is one of the most useful – and most used –words in the English language.
English speakers use it all the time! Take a look at this example:
English Learner: What time did you arrive?
Native Speaker: What time did you get there?
“Get” has so many meanings. It can mean “take” or “buy”. English learners often have trouble using “get” to mean “become”:
English Learner: I became angry when the train was late.
Native Speaker: I got angry when the train was late.
In fact, we generally use “get” for temporary situations and “become” for permanent situations.
Temporary: She got bored with the movie.
Permanent: Ralph became a doctor at age twenty-five.
Incorrect: Ralph got a doctor at age twenty-five.
use “used to”
“Used to” is one of the most useful phrases in English, and it is even easy to pronounce. English learners often get confused when they try to substitute a phrase from their own language:
English Learner: Last time, I smoked a lot.
English Learner: I smoked a lot, but now, no.
Native Speaker: I used to smoke a lot.
Here’s a word of warning. There are two forms of “used to” in English and they both have different meanings and grammatical structures:
Example 1: I used to be a policeman.
Example 2: I am used to eating spicy food.
In example 1, the meaning is in the past, but not now. In example 2, the meaning is familiar with.
Used to – состояние делать что-то в прошлом, но не сейчас
Раньше здесь не было кинотеатра – There never used to be a cinema here
Be used to – Иметь привычку
I’m used to eat cookies
use “managed to”
Here is another phrase that does not translate easily into other languages. As a result, it is difficult for learners to start using. To manage to do something is to succeed in doing it. However, if you use the phrase “succeed” instead, the result sounds clumsy:
English Learner: Did you succeed to find the keys that you lost?
Native Speaker: Did you manage to find the keys that you lost?
use “about to”
“About to” is a little phrase that is surprisingly useful. Listen out for it and you will be surprised how often you hear it used. We use this phrase to show that something will happen soon. Here is how a native speaker might use it:
English Learner: I think it is going to rain soon.
Native Speaker: It looks like it’s about to rain.
English Learner: I can’t have another coffee. I am going soon.
Native Speaker: I don’t have time for another coffee. I’m about to go.
don’t use “very”
Why not use “very”? It’s not incorrect at all, but using “very” actually prevents you from applying more descriptive vocabulary.
For example, instead of saying “very large”, why not say “huge”?
Instead of saying “the food is very good”, why not say that “it is absolutely delicious”?
Just to get you started, here are some more phrases that you can use instead of saying “very”:
very good – terrific, fabulous, excellent
very bad – awful, terrible, dreadful
very small – tiny, microscopic
very old – ancient
very new – brand-new
very beautiful – gorgeous
very clean – spotless